Air conditioning offers a refreshing escape from the summer heat, but settling on a temperature to maintain in your home may require a delicate balance between your family's comfort preferences and your financial bottom line. Simply put – the lower you set your thermostat in the summer, the higher your energy bills will be. However, if you work through some of the variables you can shoot for a temperature that keeps you comfortable and saves you money.
To stay comfortable and save money this summer, the U.S. Department of Energy recommends setting your thermostat to 78F (26C) when you are home. Setting your air conditioner to this level will allow you to stay cool and avoid an unusually high electricity bill. If you still find yourself looking for relief, you can invest in a dehumidifier and follow our tips below to trap cool air in your home.
Keeping your house warmer while you are away can help you save even more money this summer. Turning your thermostat up seven to 10 degrees F (two to three degrees C) higher while you are away at work, or any time you're out of the house for more than two hours, can help you save as much as 10 percent on cooling costs. So, to save money and energy while you're away in the summer, set your thermostat to 88F (31C). The higher interior temperature actually slows the flow of heat into your home, so it won't take as much energy to cool things back down as you think when you return home.
Although 78F might still sound uncomfortably high, you can help your air conditioner provide better cooling for less energy by preventing warm air from getting into your home and cool air from escaping. Follow these simple tips to keep your home cool and comfortable all summer long:
Try an experiment where you secretly set your thermostat to 81F for a few hours and see how your family reacts. Over the next few days, drop the temperature 2F until you reach 71F. Then you can set your thermostat to what you find to be the average of your family's comfortable range. According to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the preferred temperature range for occupants dressed in summer clothes is 73F to 79F.
Nighttime is another opportunity for conservation. When you go to sleep, your core body temperature lowers and heat radiates from your extremities. A National Institute of Health study found the best sleep happens as the body reaches "thermoneutrality" when environmental temperatures are at 86F (nude and uncovered) or 60 to 66F (wearing pajamas and covered by one sheet). This suggests one tactic to help enjoy a good night's sleep during the summer is to raise your thermostat to a warmer setting, say 80F, while using lighter bedding and sleepwear. You can also help yourself drift off by using a ceiling fan to gently waft a breeze down onto your bed.
Before you settle on a final decision about what temperature to set your air conditioner in the summer, make sure you calculate your costs so it's clear what's at stake. Each degree that you are able to raise the thermostat saves you 3 to 5 percent on your air conditioning costs. So if you normally have your thermostat pegged at 74F and you are paying $150, raising it a mere 4 degrees to 78F could reduce your bill by $25. But even if you decide it's worth the dollars to keep your home a few degrees frostier, at least you can make an informed choice about how you spend your money. The really good news is you can take other steps to try to squeeze out those savings without making yourself miserable for the summer.
High humidity can turn a garden-variety hot day into something much more challenging to endure because your body's sweat glands don't work as efficiently when there's a lot of moisture in the air. Sweat works to maintain body temperature by evaporating from your skin and carrying away body heat. When the air is dry, your sweat dissipates readily and you feel more comfortable. However, as humidity rises, the increased water vapor in the air makes it more and more difficult for your sweat to evaporate, leaving you even hotter even while you're drenched in moisture.
As an example, an 80F day feels like 80F when the relative humidity is 40 percent, but an 80F day with 90 percent humidity has a "heat index" of 86F, which means you need to take extra steps to cool down. Fortunately, air conditioners are extremely good at reducing the relative humidity, especially if your home is air sealed and has vapor barriers in the basement or crawlspaces. If you're counting on your AC to tackle the humidity, make sure your unit isn't too big for your home, because the system will only need to run for a short time to cool the house, and won't be on long enough to dehumidify. The EPA recommends an ideal humidity level of 30 to 50 percent during the summer to prevent mold and pests, which will also keep you more comfortable during the heat of summer. A dehumidifier can help you achieve lower humidity if you want to save your air conditioner some of the burden.
What's more, you can supplement your air conditioner with personal fans and ceiling fans, which blow air across your body to aid evaporation. While fans don't actually lower the temperature of a room, they make it feel cooler by taking a bite out of the humidity.
Although raising your thermostat's temperature while away can mean serious savings, few people remember to change the temperature settings every time they enter and leave the house. Fortunately, a smart or programable thermostat like the Hive Active Thermostat can take on that job for you, ensuring that you live in a comfortable setting without missing out on any opportunity for savings. Programmable thermostats allow you to set different temperatures based on factors like the time of day, when you're home and when the house is empty, and then forget about it.
You can set your AC to begin cooling down your home 30 minutes before you arrive, ensuring your interior is at a comfortable temperature when you step inside. Smart thermostats also allow you to control the temperature via your smartphone or tablet, and they can observe when you enter or leave the house and automatically adjust the settings accordingly. They can even help control humidity levels, as many programmable thermostats will display the relative humidity at the push of a button.
Have you followed our recommended thermostat settings and other energy savings tips but still see an abnormally high bill? Read our guide on why your electricity bill may increase in the summer.
Staying comfortable while keeping utility costs reasonable in the summer is tricky, but it's not impossible. Sign up for an electricity plan with Direct Energy and you'll get the tools you need to track your usage and stay energy-efficient.