If you've ever noticed that the second floor of your house is warmer than the first, you are in good company with homeowners and renters across the country. You're experiencing a basic fact of physics – heat rises, while cool air wants to sink. That means without your intervention, hot upper floors and a cooler downstairs is your home's natural state in summer or in winter.
Other factors that can contribute to uneven heating between floors include homes that weren't designed with efficient air circulation in mind, leaky ductwork or an outdated HVAC system. Fortunately, you do have options to combat large discrepancies in temperature. Read on for tips on how to diagnose and address the issues that cause your house to be too hot upstairs and too cold downstairs so you can be more comfortable at home all year long.
If you are unable to maintain an even temperature in your house, consider the following interventions:
Sometimes the most effective fixes are also the simplest. If the air filter in your HVAC system gets clogged, your equipment will have to work harder to push air through the house, and will not only be less efficient but likely less effective as well. Swapping out the old filter for a new one could be all you need to bring the temperature on the second floor in line with the first. Read our guide on choosing the best air filter for your home.
Assuming your ducts are reasonably accessible, a bit of targeted maintenance can mitigate problems of uneven heat without necessitating major new HVAC installations. Track down and repair any areas where the ducts are leaking, and cover them in insulation to help the treated air actually maintain its proper temperature until it reaches its destination.
Of course, if you can't get at your ducts without tearing apart your walls, this exercise becomes much more challenging and invasive, but might still be worthwhile to avoid purchasing new HVAC equipment, not to mention the efficiency improvements and accompanying reductions in utility bills that repaired ductwork will provide.
Unfortunately, one reason that your house might be too hot upstairs and too cold downstairs is that your current HVAC equipment just isn't up to the job of providing a consistent air temperature throughout the building. It could be that your furnace or air conditioner is getting old, or it might be the wrong size air conditioner for your house. Either way, consult with a professional before you purchase a replacement to ensure that your new equipment will keep your entire house at your preferred temperature.
Zone control systems give you the power to create different temperature zones in your home, which would allow you to bump the thermostat up a few degrees downstairs, while dedicating less heat to the upstairs (or more air conditioning in the summer). That can help you even out any wild variations in temperatures you experience between floors. These systems can be retrofitted into existing duct networks using dampers and multiple thermostats, or you could also consider a ductless HVAC system, which would allow you to use individualized settings in every room that your system touches.
More potential culprits for uneven temperatures lurk in the attic, particularly when you're running your air conditioner in the summer. If the attic is not properly insulated, you could be leaking treated air upward, leaving your second floor hotter than you want it to be. Blocked soffit vents in the attic could be infringing on the ventilation and causing the space to heat up and lure away your treated air as well. If you shore up your insulation and clear any blockages in the vents, you'll improve the ability of your upper floors to retain cool air. You may also consider installing attic fans to further cool your attic.
Your second floor will naturally be warmer than the first, so there's no need to exacerbate the issue by creating more heat upstairs. Try not to leave any lights illuminated on the second floor when you aren't using the space, and limit the use of heat-generating appliances like hair dryers. Also, make sure you use your window shades tactically to keep the sun from shining into the second floor and adding its own heat to the mix.
Fans can be your allies in maintaining a constant temperature around the house, in more ways than one. First, try turning the fan setting on your thermostat to "On" to create a perpetual flow of air through the house, helping to distribute the treated air all over the building. Secondly, when occupying a room, use ceiling fans to keep the air circulating so you can be more comfortable no matter where you are in your home.